The arrangement of the basic artistic elements and how they relate with each other and to the work of art as a whole is referred to as “composition.”
A properly constructed composition draws attention to its main element and then guides the eye as the artist intended. A composition’s elements should complement one another rather than distract from one another.
1. Tempo (repetition)
When elements are repeated at specific intervals or on the basis of a specific system, rhythm is present.
Rhythm is one of the oldest and most fundamental principles used in art to create order within a composition. Rhythm highlights important aspects of a work of art.
A rhythm cannot be felt if the series of elements is too short. When a series is too long, the repetition can become tedious.
2. Complementarity (unity)
Harmony is the arrangement of elements in artwork so that they work in harmony and make the composition pleasing to the eye.
An artwork achieves unity by combining design elements, composition principles, and the chosen technique into one harmonious whole.
Harmony can refer to the colors, tones, and element categories of a composition.
A work of art’s balance is an arrangement of design elements that ensures the composition’s visual stability.
Depending on the relationship between the elements, the balance of a composition can be dynamic or static.
The static and balanced central, symmetrical composition. The static composition is calm and devoid of movement.
The obvious difference between the properties, qualities, or values of two or more elements is referred to as contrast.
The unity of opposing elements is the foundation of visual arts. It will not be interesting if the work of art consists of properly arranged, identical elements. A contrast is created when the size, color, or position of one element changes.
Individual elements are frequently uninteresting on their own, but they become so when combined with an element that has different, or even opposing, properties. If there is a small object next to it, it will appear larger, and light will appear more convincing if it is next to something dark.
In visual arts, dominance refers to the element that represents the visual center, or the main element of the artwork. The dominant element in a work of art is the one that receives the most attention, while the other elements are subordinated.
A good composition must make it clear which element of the work of art is the main focus. The secondary elements should be subordinate to the element that will be the focus of attention.